Allah Almighty revealed the Qur’an in the Arabic language, so it was dyed with the color of sanctity, and the position of the Arabic language became high after Allah endowed it with the Qur’an, and thus the Arabic language became preserved by Allah’s preservation of the Qur’an.
As understanding the Arabic language leads to the correct understanding of the Qur’an, whoever does not master the Arabic language, knows the linguistic methods.
And the tongue of the Arabs will not find a way to understand and taste the Qur’an, and he cannot understand what Allah wants, so he falls into a mistake in his understanding.
With regard to the great importance of understanding the Arabic Grammar for the Quran, we will learn about the methods of learning the Arabic language in addition to clarifying some of the rules of the Arabic language.
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Basic Concepts and Principles of Arabic Grammar
Arabic grammar is defined as the form in which concepts are organized; Of grammatical, morphological, rhetorical, prosodic, orthographic, or linear concepts.
Which are the basis that contains sufficient provisions to describe the linguistic phenomena to which they belong.
Accordingly, the Arabic language includes many rules, but it can be placed within two main frameworks; They are grammar and syntax.
Understanding the Arabic Grammar for Quran is represented in mastering the rules of the Arabic language properly, as the Arabic language contains many rules and basics, which are:
1- Nouns and pronouns:
In Arabic, nouns and pronouns have gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/dual/plural). The gender of a noun is indicated by its ending vowel or by the use of gender-specific articles.
2- Arabic Verbs:
Arabic verbs have three basic forms (past, present, and imperative) and are conjugated according to person (first/second/third) and gender/number.
Arabic has three grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, and genitive) that are indicated by changes in the ending vowel of nouns and adjectives.
In addition to the basic forms of verbs, Arabic has several tenses (such as the perfect, imperfect, and subjunctive) that indicate the time and completeness of an action.
Arabic particles are small words that modify the meaning of other words in a sentence. For example, the particle “lam” is used to indicate negation, while “inna” is used to introduce a noun clause.
Arabic sentences generally follow a Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) order, but word order can vary depending on emphasis and context.
Arabic words are formed by adding prefixes and suffixes to root letters. These prefixes and suffixes can indicate tense, mood, and other grammatical features.
Common grammatical terms and definitions
When you start studying the Arabic language, you will find a lot of terms, so we collected these terms and their definitions for you in the following points:
- Ism (اسم): A noun or pronoun that is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea.
- Fi’l (فعل): A verb that describes an action, occurrence, or state of being.
- Harf (حرف): A particle that is used to indicate grammatical relationships between words in a sentence, such as prepositions and conjunctions.
- Harf jarr (حرف جر): A preposition that is used to indicate the relationship between a noun and another word in a sentence.
- Khabar (خبر): The part of a sentence that provides information about the subject, often introduced by a verb.
- Mubtada’ (مبتدأ): The subject of a sentence, often a noun or a phrase that includes a noun.
- Jumla (جملة): A sentence or clause that contains a subject and a predicate.
- Fa’il (فاعل): The doer of an action in a sentence, usually the subject.
- Mafool bihi (مفعول به): The object of an action in a sentence.
- I’rab (إعراب): The system of grammatical endings and inflections used in Arabic to indicate the grammatical relationships between words in a sentence.
- Marfou’ (مرفوع): A noun or pronoun that is in the nominative case, usually indicating the subject of a sentence.
- Mansoub (منصوب): A noun or pronoun that is in the accusative case, usually indicating the object of a sentence.
- Majroor (مجرور): A noun or pronoun that is in the genitive case, usually indicating possession or relationship with another word in the sentence.
Arabic Grammar in Quranic Study
Arabic grammar was linked at the beginning of the Islamic call to understanding the Holy Qur’an and teaching and protecting the Arabic language, just like other Islamic sciences.
Its inception is due to the Muslims’ fear of the Holy Qur’an of the dangers of melody and distortion, as grammar appeared to address a linguistic phenomenon that began creeping up on Arab linguistic behavior, which is the phenomenon of melody.
Because the seriousness of melody in Arabic was a key factor in the emergence of many Arab sciences, including grammar and morphology.
Explanation of the Role of Arabic Grammar in Quranic Interpretation and Understanding
Arabic grammar plays an important role in understanding the meanings of the Qur’an and interpreting the verses. This importance can also be illustrated by the following points:
1- Clarifying the meanings of words:
Arabic grammar helps to clarify the meanings of words in the Quran.
2- Understanding the context:
the grammar of Arabic can help in understanding the context of a verse by identifying the grammatical relationships between words in a sentence.
This is important since some verses in the Quran may seem to contradict each other, but a proper understanding of the context can help in reconciling apparent contradictions.
3- Identifying the emphasis:
Arabic rules help in identifying the emphasis in a verse.
For example, the use of a specific type of verb or the placement of a word in a sentence can indicate whether the emphasis is on the action or the doer of the action.
Nouns and pronounce
In Arabic, nouns are called “ism” (اسم), and they are classified as either masculine or feminine, such as:
كِتَابٌ (kitābun) – book
بَيْتٌ (baytun) – house
While Pronouns are called “dāmin” (ضمير), and they are used in place of nouns. Moreover pronouns have different forms depending on their function in a sentence, such as subject, object, possessive, and others, such as:
(anā) – I
هُوَ (huwa) – he
هِيَ (hiya) – she
أَنْتَ (anta) – you (masculine singular)
Examples of how nouns and pronouns are used in Quranic verses
The importance of understanding the Arabic Grammar for the Quran is evident in what was stated in the book of Allah Almighty, as the rules of the Arabic language were used in all the surahs of the Qur’an, including:
1- Use of nouns for describing Allah in the Quran:
“الرَّحْمَنُ عَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ”
(Translation: “The Most Merciful has taught the Qur’an”) [Ar- Rahman surah 55:1]
In this verse, the noun “الرَّحْمَنُ” (Ar-Rahman), which means “The Most Merciful,” is used to describe Allah.
2- Use of pronouns for referring to Prophets in the Quran:
“وَإِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبُّكَ مُوسَىٰ أَنِ ائْتِ الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ”
(Translation: “And [mention] when your Lord called Moses, [saying], ‘Go to the wrongdoing people…”) [Surah al shouraa 26:10]
In this verse, the pronoun “أَنِ” (ani) is used to refer to Prophet Moses.
Verbs and Verb Conjugation
The verb is defined in the Arabic language as an event associated with a certain time, whether this event is in the past, present, or future.
Which is known as the verb sections, and therefore we will learn about the verb sections in detail through this paragraph.
Explanation of Arabic verbs and their different forms
In the Arabic language, verbs are called “fi’l” (فِعْل), and they are the most important part of speech in the Arabic language.
They are used to describe actions, occurrences, and states of being. Moreover, the categories of verbs are as follows:
1- The past tense or “الماضي” (al-māḍi):
This form is used to describe actions that happened in the past.
It is formed by adding specific suffixes to the root letters of the verb. For example, the verb “كَتَبَ” (kataba) means “he wrote,”.
2- The present tense or “المضارع” (al-muḍāriʿ):
This form is used to describe actions that are happening in the present or actions that occur frequently or habitually For example, the verb “يَكْتُبُ” (yaktubu) means “he writes.”.
3- The imperative or “الأمر” (al-amr):
This form is used to give commands or orders. For example, the verb “كَتَبَ” (kataba) becomes “اِكْتُبْ” (iktub), which means “write.”.
Sentence Structure and Syntax
The Arabic sentence consists of a verb, a noun, and a letter, as we defined them in detail in the previous paragraphs.
In addition, the sentence is divided into a nominal sentence, which begins with a noun, and a verbal sentence, which begins with a verb.
The Role of Syntax in Arabic Grammar
The importance of the science of grammar appears in protecting the Holy Qur’an from error and distortion. For what it does of increasing understanding of the meanings contained in the correct form.
And this is what makes it a valuable tool for scholars in interpreting the verses of Allah – may His Majesty be glorified – in His Holy Book, as the scholars of interpretation mentioned in the virtue of this science.
Including (Makki bin Abi Talib) that the science of grammar is A means for those who wish to seek knowledge of the Qur’an and those who wish to understand it, and to improve it so that it is devoid of melody
Arabic Grammar Resources and Tools
After we got acquainted with the role of Arabic Grammar for the Quran in understanding the Quranic texts and interpreting the verses, we are now familiar with the available Arabic language learning tools.
It is worth noting that there are many tools for language learning and mastery that suit different students.
Dear Muslim, if you intend to learn Arabic but need some resources that help you master learning, here are some of these tools:
1- Learning the Arabic language at the hands of master sheikhs and teachers
of The Arabic language, which is one of the traditional means on which it was based in the past, but this method may not be suitable or not available in some countries.
2- The use of modern applications:
In light of the development that we are keeping pace with, there are many modern applications that help students in learning the language and even master it.
3- Using books:
One of the best means that you can use to learn the Arabic language is to read books, as there are many books in the field of learning the Arabic language.
4- Learning the Arabic language on the Internet:
Electronic platforms provide many opportunities for students wishing to learn the Arabic language, and certain methods are used to broadcast educational curricula to students in interactive and good ways.
So you can register with us on the Hamil Al Quran website, where we offer Arabic language learning courses for different age groups As well as different levels.
As we have a large selection of teachers in the field of teaching the Arabic language to Arabs and non-Arabs.
Common Challenges When Learning Arabic Grammar
Some students face difficulty when starting to learn the Arabic Grammar for Quran, especially if they are non-Arabs. Learning Arabic grammar for Quranic study can be challenging for many learners, especially those who are not familiar with the language’s unique features and structure.
So we have collected Common difficulties faced by learners when studying Arabic grammar for Quranic study
- Vocabulary: Arabic vocabulary can be complex, with many words having multiple meanings depending on their context.
- Grammar rules: Arabic grammar has a complex system of rules, including a wide range of verb forms, noun declensions, and sentence structures.
- Verb conjugation: Arabic verbs have multiple forms and are inflected to indicate tense, aspect, mood, and voice.
This article defines the importance of learning and understanding Arabic Grammar for the Quran, and its role in recognizing the meanings and interpretation of the verses of the Qur’an correctly.
It also deals with clarifying the formation of the sentence in the Arabic language and shows the learner a complete map of the terms and concepts of the language that he encounters during the start of learning while mentioning some difficulties.
Finally, we help the student choose the best way to master the Arabic language by mentioning sources related to the learning process.