Surah Al-Qariah is the 101st Surah of the Holy Quran. It is known for its vivid description of the Day of Judgement. The Surah emphasizes the importance of considering the consequences of our deeds and intentions confirming the belief that they will be weighed on Judgment Day.
This article explores the meaning of Surah Al-Qariah and the important lessons it offers for Muslims on leading a meaningful life in this world so they can be calmed down and rewarded in the afterlife. Through in-depth analysis, interpretation of the Surah’s verses, the main messages, and clarified teachings included in this article, you will gain a deeper understanding of the meaning of Surah Al-Qariah.
Understanding the Meaning of Surah Al-Qariah
• Translation and explanation of Surah Al-Qariah.
The Striking Calamity – (i.e. The Day of Resurrection)
What is the Striking Calamity?
And what can make you know what is the Striking Calamity?
It is the Day when people will be like moths, dispersed,
(i.e. the people will be as such after having been expelled from their graves.)
And the mountains will be like wool, fluffed up.
(i.e., beginning to disintegrate).
Then as for one whose scales are heavy [with good deeds],
He will be in a pleasant life.
But as for one whose scales are light,
His refuge [*] will be an abyss. (i.e., the pit of Hellfire).
[*]- Literally, “mother” (a man’s original refuge), which will envelop him as in an embrace.
And what can make you know what that is?
It is a Fire, intensely hot.
Analysis of the linguistic and literary features of the Surah
This amazing Surah is full of many audio and visual images using many linguistic and literary features which can be regarded as miracles. Some of them will be mentioned here;
It is a noun that describes the Day of Judgment.
Its origin comes from the Arabic verb ‘Qara’a’ which means the act of two things hitting each other violently causing disturbing noise as hearing it.
This verb can be used in the exemplary image of ‘Qara’a al baab’ (i.e. to knock on a door) in the middle of the night. So the house owners will wake up terrified because they do not know who or what is there at the door at that unexpected time.
The same image can be applied on Judgment Day it will come to wake people up. They don’t know or even expect what will come; causing their hearts to be banged because of the terror of Its Events.
Then Allah SWT speaks the first question that comes to your mind hearing this strange word.
Then comes another question which means that you cannot answer or get this question yourself unless Allah answers it first because no one can imagine the horrific events of this Day.
So Allah SWT said that to direct our curiosity of answering this question towards Him.
Allah SWT describes the state of people on Judgment Day; they will be like ‘moths’ going around in different directions. It is like when you try to switch the light on some bugs try to hit it in different directions. That is how all humanity will be.
And the tough mountains will be slammed together and they will be broken into little fragments until they turn to weightless wool with different colors. That will happen to the tough mountains which are the firmest thing we see on the earth, so what will happen to weak people like us?
On that Day, the great and heavy things won’t be weighed (like the great mountains).
The scales on that day will not weigh the heaviness of the people but the goodness of their deeds and intentions will.
‘Scales’ came as plural because only the good deeds will be weighed. It is not one scale that will weigh the good deeds on one scale and the bad deeds on the other, but it is one scale that will weigh the good deeds only if the faith of Allah exists in one’s heart. And if not, they will have nothing. Allah SWT says,
“Then We will turn to whatever ˹good˺ deeds they did, reducing them to scattered dust.”Surah Al-Furqan
This means that the bad deeds will not even be put on the scale, because what has weight will be weighed which the bad deeds do not have.
That successful one, whose scales will be heavy, will be in a pleasant life.
This verse did not describe that he will be pleasant in Paradise, but his life will be pleasant, which means that he will be always satisfied and pleased living a life of no worries.
And this is why the word ‘eesha’ is beautifully used here as it is usually used to describe animals in jungles because they don’t lack food or shelter or even strive to get them but everything will be easy to get and more beautiful than worldly pleasure.
And the one whose scales will be light; his home will be Hell. Allah SWT used the word ‘mother’ as it will hold him tightly not letting him escape as this will be his lasting forever home.
And the word ‘hawiyah’ come from the verb ‘hawa’ which does not mean to just ‘fall’ in the deep canyon of Hell, but it means diving deep into this canyon.
The final (Haa’) of the word ‘hiyyah’ came to show and confirms the strength and danger of Hell in order to scare the audience of it.
This is the answer to the previous question that came as a description of Hell by the word ‘hamiyah’ which means intense, very hot, and inflamed that can not be died out. The prophet Muhammed PBUH described Hell saying,
The significance and relevance of the Surah in contemporary times
Surah Al-Qariah is revealed by Allah to preach our hearts. That there is a Day in which everything hidden will be shown up, such as our intentions that need to be always sincere to Allah.
This kind of speech is convenient for our contemporary time, in which many people do whatever they want and trust their own minds believing in wrong beliefs.
And when Allah SWT said, “And what can make you know what is the Striking Calamity?” which means that even your weak mind cannot imagine what this Striking Calamity looks like. So it is important to always seek guidance from Allah SWT only and his revelation to us.
Context and Significance of Surah Al-Qariah
The historical and cultural context of the revelation of the Surah
Surah Al-Qariah was revealed in Mecca. Scholars recognized this because the Surahs of this period are considered as short containing short verses. Besides its structure, the meaning and the message it conveys, as most Meccan Surahs, gives a warning to the disbelievers of Doomsday and what will happen in it. Aisha, the mother of the Believers, said,
“The first thing that was revealed thereof was a Sura from Al-Mufassal, and in it was mentioned Paradise and the Fire”.Sunnah
The purpose and message of the Surah
Surah Al-Qariah makes one think of his coming deeds and whether they will be weighed on our scale on Judgment Day or not. And this will make us think and choose to exert effort in the deeds that will encounter for us before death.
It also informs the disbelievers who follow their minds and deny to follow the truth that Judgment Day is coming and they will be asked about their deeds and their intentions.
And this Surah warns them that if they did everything well in life but there is no faith in their hearts, they will end up having nothing on Judgment Day. Because what weighs one down is the faith in his heart that is followed by good deeds.
It is not a matter of physical strength or power; it is a matter of strong faith in one’s heart. Messenger of Allah said,
“On the Day of Resurrection, there will be brought forth a bulky person (person of noteworthy status) whose value to Allah will be less than that of the wing of a mosquito”.Sunnah
And imagining these happenings should make us ask Allah to firm our faith tight to our hearts as the strong mountains will be like fluffed wool and all the people will go anywhere aimlessly.
Lessons and Virtues in Surah Al-Qariah
• The importance of reflecting on the lessons and virtues presented in the Surah
Reflection helps us gain a deeper understanding. When we reflect on the verses of Surah Al-Qariah, we try to gain a deeper comprehension of its meanings and messages so we can apply what we have learned and become better persons with good morals in our daily lives and strengthen our faith as Allah wants us to be.
Surah Al-Qariah teaches us some of the great happenings of Judgment Day highlighting the importance of preparing for that Day. It reminds us that every single action of ours will be accounted for and weighed. Reflecting on this meaning inspires us to lead a virtuous life and be aware enough to choose to do good deeds for the afterlife. The subject is deeper than our worldly life.
The significance of the Surah in promoting moral and ethical values
Surah Al-Qariah teaches us to be just and fair doing our actions and in giving the people their rights, as we will be held accountable for our deeds on the Day of Judgment.
Surah Al-Qariah also inspires us to be modest dealing with other people as all of us will be revived to be asked about our deeds, no one is better than the other.
It also encourages us to be grateful and thankful to Allah SWT for the blessing that we are alive and have a chance to do good deeds and weigh our scales down so we can gain Paradise.
This is the true success we should seek in our lives and this is the best way to thank Allah for the gift of being alive remembering that there are many people that lose this precious gift and have no chance to come back alive again to do any good thing.
The impact of the Surah on the spiritual and personal development of believers
Surah Al-Qariah reminds us of the bigger picture of life, remembering Judgment Day. By emphasizing the ultimate reality, every hardship we face in our life can be easier and help us keep our daily struggles and challenges in perspective remembering the pleasant life we will deserve as a reward for it.
Memorization and Recitation of Surah Al-Qariah
The benefits of memorizing and reciting Surah Al-Qariah
Memorizing and reciting Surah Al-Qariah is a good deed in itself as the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
“Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a ten-fold reward. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is one letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter”.Sunnah
And reciting Surah Al-Qariah in prayer with reflecting on its meanings helps us continuously remember Judgment Day so we will be aware of It all the time and choose to always do good choices preferring the afterlife and its rewards.
Techniques and tips for memorizing and reciting the Surah
- Try to read the Tafseer of Surah Al-Qariah and understand its meanings.
- Keep on listening to a skillful reciter of this Surah to memorize it.
- Practicing reciting Surah Al-Qariah every day in prayer.
- Ask your Quran teacher to revise it with you and test you on it.
The spiritual and psychological impact of reciting Surah Al-Qariah
The description of the Day of Judgment in Surah Al-Qariah can inspire a sense of awe and wonder at the power and majesty of Allah. This can help us as believers feel a deeper sense of spiritual connection increasing our faith in Allah SWT thinking that He is capable of everything such as turning the tough mountains into fluffed wool. And this makes us always ask and pray to Allah to calm us down on that hard Day.
Reciting Surah Al-Qariah and trying to understand its meanings requires a level of focus and attention that can help us become more mindful and present in the moment. This can help us to cultivate a greater sense of inner peace and calm in the age of distractions we live in right now.
Surah Al-Qariah offers comfort and reassurance to us when we do good deeds, reminding us that we will ultimately be rewarded for our efforts. This can provide us with a sense of comfort and hope in difficult times, helping us to maintain a positive outlook on life.
Additional Resources and Tools
Learning from different resources helps you have a deeper understanding of the meaning of Surah
- Studying with a Quran tutor or an Islamic scholar who can guide you in understanding the meaning and context of Surah Al-Qariah.
- Reading the Arabic Tafsir books such as the books of Ibn Kathir, Asaedi, and Tabari or their translations in your language.
- Attending Quranic classes at a local mosque or Islamic center that provides illustration lessons of the meanings of Surah Al-Qariah.
- Mobile apps offer audio recitation and translations of Surah Al-Qariah in multiple languages
- Online Quran courses that use multimedia tools to make learning interactive and engaging. enroll in Hifz Quran online course free trial that will offer great help to you.
- YouTube English channels that offer Tafsir and detailed explanations of Surah Al-Qariah, such as Bayyinah Institute and Nouman Ali Khan.
The Role of Teachers and Mentors in Quranic Education
Teachers and mentors play a crucial role in Quranic education, as they are responsible for guiding learners in their quest for knowledge and understanding of the Quran.
Quranic education has a central standing in the lives of Muslims, and teachers and mentors are the driving force behind its successful delivery. They offer aid as sources of guidance, motivation, and knowledge for learners and play a vital role in nurturing the next generation of Muslims who will carry the legacy of the Quran forward to the coming generations that will light the darkness of the world by the Quran they had been taught.
Digital tools and resources for Quranic learning and memorization
- Hamil Alquran Academy: our online Quran learning platform provides courses on proper Quranic pronunciation, Arabic grammar, and more, taught by renowned scholars.
- Our Islamic studies course is a wonderful site containing scribed and visual notes of all Quran Tafseer lectures and the miracles of the Quran.
- Our Quran recitation classes: This course provides you with the Arabic recitation of more than one skillful reciter. It also delivers a great amount of information about the Surah you want to learn about and also an English translation. free trials are available.
These digital tools and resources can greatly aid in Qur’anic learning and memorization, but it is important to note that consistent practice and dedication are essential for success in this endeavor.
In conclusion, Surah Al-Qariah is a powerful Surah of the Quran that speaks about the Day of Judgment and how all of humanity will be held accountable for their actions. The Surah is filled with vivid descriptions of this fateful day, emphasizing its seriousness and the need for preparation.
Beyond the literal level, scholars also understand the Surah to symbolize the struggles of human existence, urging believers to seek truth and righteousness in their lives.
Unlock the secrets of the Quran with Hamil Alquran Academy beginner-friendly learn Quran online courses. Learn at your own pace and gain a deeper understanding of Islam studies.