The first thing that directly comes to mind when the Arabic language is mentioned is that it is the language of the Holy Quran. Indeed, what an honor God Almighty endowed the Arabic language with. So we may not need to talk or clarify more about the status of the Arabic language after this. Because it is the language of the Holy Quran and the language in which the prayers of Muslims are performed only by speaking it, and the great acts of worship such as Hajj and Umrah are not completed without speaking it. Indeed, it is a great honor that God Almighty singled out the Arabic language. The Arabic language is one of the oldest known languages. The Arabic language has characteristics that distinguish it from other languages, such as its richness in words, structures, grammar and morphology, literature, and imagination. So let’s take an overview of the Arabic language and then discuss how to study and master it, let’s go.
Overview of the Arabic Language
The Arabic language is one of the richness of the Arabic language in its ability to express different fields of science. Several languages emerged from the Arabic language, as it is considered the mother of a group of languages that scholars recently called the Semitic languages, such as Babylonian, Himyarite, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Abyssinian. The Austrian scholar Schlötzer named the Semitic languages, which originated in Arabic, in 1781 AD. He said that he quoted it from one of the texts of the Torah written by the hands of the Jewish rabbis in the Old Testament.
Alphabet and Pronunciation
The Arabic language consists of twenty-eight letters and is written from right to left, like the Hebrew and Persian languages, unlike many languages around the world that are written from left to right.
The Arabic alphabet is the second most widely used alphabet after the Latin alphabet, as the Arabic alphabet is a writing system used in many different languages in Asia and Africa, such as Urdu, Persian, Kashmiri, Pashto, Turkestan (Zanjiang), Kurdish, Tajik, and Bahasa (Brunei, Aceh, and Javanese Malaysia). The Arabic letters are written in a variety of forms, including the Naskh line, the Ruqaa line, the Thuluth line, the Kufic line, the Sinic line, and the Hijazi line. you may check our Qaida Noorani Course to learn Arabic Alphabet.
The sounds of the Arabic language are among the easiest of the sounds of languages, as they occupy the speaking device with all its capabilities. Arabic language scholars paid attention to the exits of letters and their characteristics. Al-Farahidi (one of the scholars of the Arabic language) relied solely on sensation, as he extracted the exits of all letters, from the deepest point in the throat, through the movements of the tongue, to the edges of the lips. Divide the tongue into several regions as a tool for speech.
Basic Grammar Rules
The importance of the study of grammar and syntax consists in knowing the foundations of correct writing and pronunciation to avoid mistakes in our spoken and written words and savor the beauty of the Arabic language. Those who wish to understand the fundamentals of religion and Sharia matters are interested in studying grammar. As the rules of grammar of the Arabic language help to understand the meanings of the Holy Quran, its purposes, the jurisprudence of the noble Prophet’s hadith, and understanding its meanings and uniqueness.
A word in the Arabic language is either a noun, a verb, or a letter. Among the basic grammatical rules are the following:
The Muerab and Mbny from the nouns
The noun is either Muerab, or Mbny The Muerab noun is the one whose vowel changes at the end of the sentence according to its position in the sentence. As for the Mbny noun, its movement does not change regardless of its position in the sentence, and it includes all of the pronouns, relative nouns, interrogative and demonstrative nouns, conditional nouns, compound numbers, and verb nouns.
The muerab nouns are divided according to their inflectional case into three categories,
Such as the subject, the Mobtada, the noun of kana, they are raised either with the damma, the alif, or the waw.
The noun is accusative in several places if it is in the location of a predicate that was, or a noun that, or if it is an object with it, or an absolute object, and the accusative signs are the fatha, the kasra, and the ya’.
the noun is plural if it is preceded by a preposition, or if it is genitive with it. Prepositional signs include kasra and yaa.
Of course, there are many basics of grammar and morphology that cannot be summarized in some lines, but we will get to know them in detail in other articles.
Common Profanity and Slang
Standard Arabic is usually used in writing official texts, in the media, in political and religious speeches, in literature, and in the educational community. While it publishes colloquial dialects that differ according to each region or country, such as the Egyptian colloquial, which is the most famous of the Arabic colloquial dialects.
Essential Phrases for Travelers
The Arabic language is rich and found, and the beauty of the Arabic language lies in its wonderful vocabulary and synonyms, as the Arabic language includes about 12 million words. The number may be large and cause concern, but this is not true, as you will not need to learn all the vocabulary to speak Arabic and any language in general, even the mother tongue will not be familiar with all its vocabulary. It is sufficient for you to learn the common and basic vocabulary, and in the event that you intend to travel to Arab countries, you must focus on the sentences that are used in travel in order to facilitate your journey.
Culture and History of the Arab World
Getting acquainted with Arab culture and reading Arab history makes it easier for you to learn Arabic, by getting to know their customs and traditions, which contributes to understanding Arabic terms and expressions.
You can learn about Arab culture while you are at home by listening to a program or movie in Arabic and following Arabic pages on social media. Also, frequent listening to the Noble Quran will have a great impact on improving your Arabic pronunciation.
Intensive Learning Programs
You can enroll in courses to teach the Arabic language. Hamil Al Quran Academy gives you a wonderful opportunity to learn Arabic online with free trials while you are in your home at the hands of the most skilled and experienced teachers who have studied and mastered the Arabic language in the largest universities such as Al-Azhar Al-Sharif University and the Islamic University in Madinah. All classes are live and have a very high degree of Interaction between students and teachers. You can choose session times according to your circumstances and free time. Start from now and don’t worry about costs, as Hamil Al Quran courses are offered at very reasonable costs.
You can use online sources to learn the Arabic language, as there are many sites that help in teaching the Arabic language, you will find many YouTube channels and social media pages that help you in learning the Arabic language
Books and Other Written Materials
You can buy books and stories in Arabic, as reading from texts written in Arabic will strengthen your language and increase your comprehension of it, as well as increase your ability to express what is inside you in Arabic.
Practical Tips on Learning Arabic
- Download an application that helps to learn the Arabic language
- Subscribe to the YouTube channel to teach the Arabic language
- join a course to teach the Arabic language, such as Hamil Al Quran courses
- Watch programs and movies in Arabic
- Listen and read Quran a lot
- Read stories in Arabic
In this article, we presented an overview of the Arabic language and its alphabet, and we also took a quick overview of the basics of Arabic language grammar, and we also discussed some tips that help you learn and master the Arabic language,
We ask God Almighty that our words will benefit you and that God will grant you success.