The Quran, which is the central religious text of Islam, contains several teachings that could be considered mystical or spiritual. Here are a few examples:
- Tawheed: The Quran emphasizes the oneness of God (called “Tawhid” in Arabic) as a central mystical teaching. This teaching holds that there is only one God and that every aspect of reality is ultimately connected to this divine unity.
- Tazkiyah: This term refers to the purification of the soul, and it is a central mystical teaching in the Quran. The Quran teaches that individuals can purify their souls through acts of worship, devotion, and self-reflection.
- Ihsan: This Arabic term refers to the concept of “perfection” or “excellence” in one’s faith. It is often associated with the idea of spiritual striving or “the way of excellence.” The Quran teaches that individuals should strive to perfect their faith by engaging in acts of worship and devotion.
- Dhikr: This term refers to the remembrance of God. The Quran teaches that individuals can achieve a sense of closeness to God through the practice of dhikr, which involves the repetition of certain phrases or prayers.
The Holy Quran contains a rich array of mystical teachings that emphasize the importance of spiritual practices, devotion, and the pursuit of inner purification and excellence.
What are some examples of Dhikr that Muslims usually practice?
Dhikr is a form of remembrance or invocation of Allah (God) in Islam, which is often practiced by Muslims as a form of spiritual devotion. Here are some examples of dhikr that Muslims practice:
- La ilaha illa Allah: This means “there is no god but Allah” and is considered one of the most important forms of dhikr in Islam. It is often recited as a declaration of faith and as a way to remember the unity of Allah.
- Subhan Allah: This phrase means “Glory be to Allah” and is often recited as a way to acknowledge Allah’s greatness and majesty.
- Alhamdulillah: This phrase means “Praise be to Allah” and is often recited as a way to express gratitude and thankfulness to Allah.
- Allahu Akbar: This phrase means “Allah is the Greatest” and is often recited in various Islamic rituals and as a way to remember Allah’s supreme power.
- Astaghfirullah: This phrase means “I seek forgiveness from Allah” and is often recited as a way to seek repentance and forgiveness from Allah.
These Duaas or Supplications can be recited individually or in groups and can be accompanied by various physical movements such as rocking back and forth or raising one’s hands. Dhikr is considered a form of spiritual practice that can help individuals connect with Allah and cultivate a sense of inner peace and tranquility.
Are there any specific times or occasions when Muslims must recite Dhikr?
Muslims can recite Dhikr at any time, but there are certain times and occasions when it is particularly recommended or emphasized by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala or the prophet (PBUH). Here are some examples:
Dhikr After prayer
Muslims are encouraged to engage in dhikr after completing their daily Islam prayers. This can include reciting various phrases such as “Subhan Allah,” “Alhamdulillah,” and “Allahu Akbar.”.
During the month of Ramadan
Ramadan is the holy month when Muslims fast from dawn until sunset (Sawm). During this month, Muslims often engage in more frequent and intense forms of dhikr as a way to deepen their spiritual connection with Allah.
During Hajj (Pilgrimage)
Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims are expected to perform at least once in their lifetime. During Hajj, pilgrims engage in various forms of worship and dhikr as a way to honor Allah and commemorate the life of Prophet Ibrahim.
Dhikr During the last 10 nights of Ramadan
The last 10 nights of Ramadan are considered the holiest time of the year for Muslims. Muslims engage in more intense forms of dhikr during this time, including staying up all night to pray and recite the Quran. Allah says:
"Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire." Surah Al-Imran:191
During times of stress or difficulty
Muslims recite dhikr as a way to seek comfort and solace during times of stress or difficulty as the prophet Muhammad did. This can include reciting phrases such as “Astaghfirullah” (I seek forgiveness from Allah) and “Hasbi Allah” (Allah is sufficient for me).
Dhikr is a flexible and the most beautiful practice that can be engaged in at any time and in any place. It is considered a powerful tool for deepening one’s spiritual connection with Allah and cultivating a sense of inner peace and tranquility.
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
“When a group of people assemble for the remembrance of Allah, the angels surround them (with their wings), (Allah’s) mercy envelops them, Sakinah, or tranquillity descends upon them and Allah makes a mention of them before those who are near Him.”[Muslim]
What are the recommended resources for learning about Dhikr?
There are many resources available for learning about dhikr and how to practice it in Islam. Many books on Islamic spirituality discuss the practice of dhikr in detail. Some examples include “The Book of Remembrances” by Imam al-Nawawi.
Many Islamic scholars and teachers specialize in spirituality and can offer guidance on the practice of dhikr. You can find them through mosques or Islamic centers, or through online resources such as Hamil AlQuran Academy which offers online free trials for Islamic Studies courses and learn Quran and related Sciences.
There are many resources available for finding Islam that focus on Dhikr and other aspects of Islamic spirituality. It is important to do your research and find an event or gathering that aligns with your interests and goals for spiritual growth.