The Holy Quran is the sacred scripture of Islam and is believed to be the Words of Allah as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in the West Arabian Mecca and Medina beginning in 610 and ending with Muhammad’s death in 632 CE1. The doctrine about Allah SWT in the Holy Quran is rigorously monotheistic: God is one and unique; he has no partner and no equal.
The Trinity, which is in the Christian belief that God is three persons in one substance, is vigorously repudiated in Islam. The meaning of the Oneness of God is located in the most important chapter in the Quran according to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH): Allah’s Messenger said,
“Is any of you incapable of reciting a third of the Qur’an in a night?” On being asked how they could recite a third of the Qur’an he replied. “‘Say, He is God, One’ is equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.”Muslim transmitted it, and BukhArI
What are the teaching of Islam?
Islam beliefs and teachings are based on six pillars of Iman (faith):
- belief in one God (Allah) (SWT)
- belief in His angels,
- belief in His books,
- belief in His prophets & Messengers
- Destiny (Qadar)
- The Day of Judgment
Muslims believe that Allah (SWT) revealed the Holy Books or the scriptures to His prophets, including the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, the Scrolls, and the Holy Quran. Muslims also believe that Allah is perfect, does not need to die or drink or eat, and forgives and protects His servants and believers. The most important teaching of Islam is that only God is to be served and worshipped. Also, the biggest sin in Islam is to worship other beings with God. In fact, Muslims believe that it is the only sin that God does not forgive if a person dies before repenting as mentioned in Quran:
"Indeed, he who associates others with Allah - Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers." Surah Al- Ma'idah
Ethics that teach civility to a person are the inner teachings of Islam. The religion of Islam is not only confined to Muslims obeying Allah (SWT) and spending their lives in submission and worship, rather Allah has made it obligatory upon Muslims to take care of their fellow beings as well and live with them in a peaceful and loving community.
What are the Major theological teachings of the Quran?
- Muslims believe that the purpose of life is to worship Allah (SWT) and follow His guidance.
- Muslims believe that Allah (SWT) is merciful and compassionate.
- Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment when all people will be judged according to their deeds.
- Muslims believe that the Holy Quran is the final revelation from Allah (SWT) and that it contains guidance for mankind.
- Muslims believe in the prophets and messengers of Allah, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them all).
- Muslims believe in the angels of Allah (SWT) who carry out His commands.
The Doctrine in the Holy Quran is rigorously monotheistic
The doctrine about Allah in the Quran is rigorously monotheistic. Allah is one and unique; he has no partner and no equal. This is one of the most important teachings of Islam. Muslims believe that there is only one God and that He is the creator of everything in the universe. They also believe that God is merciful and compassionate and that He forgives those who repent and seek His forgiveness.
The Quran is the holy book of Islam and contains the theological teachings of Islam. The doctrine about God in the Quran is rigorously monotheistic: God is one and unique; he has no partner and no equal. In order to prove the unity of God, the Quran lays frequent stress on the design and order in the universe. The God of the Quran, described as majestic and sovereign, is also a personal God; he is viewed as being nearer to one than one’s own jugular vein, and, whenever a person in need or distress calls him, he responds. Above all, he is the God of guidance and shows everything, particularly humanity, the right way, “The Straight Path”. Within the practice of scriptural exegesis, it is customary for Muslim commentators to augment the Quran’s theological arguments, to explain its theological symbols, and to provide solutions to problems that concerned, broadly speaking, Allah’s relationship to His creation.
Muslims believe that Allah is merciful and compassionate
Muslims believe that Allah is merciful and compassionate. Islam believes in one God who is the creator and sustainer of everything. This belief is called Tawheed or Islamic monotheism. Muslims worship only God and do not associate any partners or equals with him. God is unique, exalted, and incomparable to his creation. He has no offspring or parents. He is all-powerful, all-knowing, all-seeing, and ever-living. He is the first and the last, the most benevolent and the most merciful.
Muslims believe in the Day of Judgement
The Day of Judgment in Islam is called Yawm ad-Din or Yawm Al-Qyammah. It is the Day when Allah SWT will decide how people will spend their afterlife. Most Muslims believe they have free will to make their own choices. They also believe that they will be judged by God for those choices. On the Day of Judgment in Islam, the dead will rise from their death, that is, they will be resurrected, and that will be for their reckoning and rewards.
What are some of the interpretations of the Quran’s teachings?
There are many different interpretations of the Quran‘s teachings, and these interpretations are often influenced by the cultural, social, and historical contexts in which they arise. Some of the main interpretations of the Quran’s teachings include:
- Traditionalist interpretation: This interpretation emphasizes the importance of following the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions, and relies heavily on the Hadith (the recorded sayings and actions of the Prophet) and the works of early Islamic scholars.
- Rationalist interpretation: This interpretation emphasizes the use of reason and intellect to understand the Quran’s teachings, and often draws on the works of Greek philosophers such as Aristotle.
- Mystical interpretation: This interpretation emphasizes the inner, spiritual meaning of the Quran’s teachings, and often focuses on practices such as meditation, prayer, and contemplation.
- Feminist interpretation: This interpretation seeks to understand the Quran’s teachings from a feminist perspective, and often focuses on issues such as gender equality, women’s rights, and the role of women in Islamic society.
- Reformist interpretation: This interpretation seeks to reinterpret the Quran’s teachings in light of modern social, cultural, and political realities, and often emphasizes the need for reform within Islamic societies.
These are just a few examples of the many different interpretations of the Quran’s teachings. Islamic scholars and theologians continue to engage in ongoing debates and discussions about the meaning and application of the Quran’s teachings in contemporary contexts.